在商业贸易中被大面积关注和实行起来,快速得到用户反映

公司八个月会后四处都在讲布署思想,处处都在加油。我们带头人依然很跟得上前卫的呗。因在俄勒冈香槟分校商业评论福布斯的报纸发表后“设计思想”在商业贸易中被广大关怀和推行起来。前一年U.S.A.一等商院已将设计思想(design
thinking)纳入课程种类,交大大学建立D.School等。在JohnMaeda《科学和技术中的设计》年报告,很多大商店和独角兽的祖师或高层里都有设计师在里边,像IBM和麦肯锡前段时间发布了其最高级职业中对设计师的任命。从04年到二零一六年有跨越50家显赫规划集团被买断,当中15,16年有26家。可知设计在商业的珍视,及企划思想的燥热。即便非常火,或然过多少人认为她像V奥德赛、大数目、共享自行车等刚刚起来的。实际上,“设计思想”(实际也是设计)做为一种格局已经度过了一段十分短的进化历史了。何不停一下,精晓一下前身和近况呢。做完桌面讨论后就花了点时间整理了该文,把从工业时代到明日影响设计思想的人选做个小介绍,因事关内容其实是太多了,被放上来的,纯粹是看怎么人熟谙,哪些人记录的详实些,不对的地点请指正,感激伟大的互连网,多谢为设计思想付诸实践的“先烈”们。

作者:Thomas Lockwood, University of Westminster PhD, Integrated design
Management.

一九五九前 包豪斯的安插思想,人文与浪费,国际现代主义和雷诺文化

经历工业革命,大萧条和二战后的工业设计。 兼顾功能生产和美学为主的时日。

Design Thinking 概览

统一筹划思想本质上是以用户为主导,强调考察,合作,快捷学习,视觉化点子,快捷概念原型,兼商业分析,最后影响创新和生意策略的翻新进程。他的目标是把顾客,设计师和购销人员组成到成品、服务或买卖的布署进程上。它是想像今后情景和把产品,服务和体会带到市镇上的工具。设计思想术语上来看像是应用设计师的灵活和办法消除难点,不管难题是什么样的。它不可能代替专业设计师或措施和手艺设计,但它是启示革新的一种艺术。

统一筹划思想的多少个关键条件:

1.基于现场调查讨论长远精通消费者

2.与用户和复合型团队共同合营,寻找突破性立异、分明升级和充实新价值上

3.通过视觉化,亲手体验和飞快原型来加快学习,急忙取得用户反馈。目的是透过快速多次的败诉来获得创新。

4.原型化,能够是概念草图,粗糙的物理模块,或故事剧中人物板,或一组场景故事等

5.交互实行买卖分析,是很重庆大学的有个别。

彼得·贝伦斯(Peter Behrens)

Peter·贝伦斯,德意志联邦共和国建筑师,工业设计的后驱,第四人当代章程设计师,是一代人的金牌,包涵最出名的现代主义建筑师
密斯·范德罗(坚贞不屈”少正是多“的建造历史学),勒·柯布西耶(功用主义之父),瓦尔特·格罗皮乌斯(包House开创者),这多人都在他的工作室为他干活过。他是率先个尝试综合工艺和技巧整合的设计师。

Design Thinking / Design management / Design Leadership / Design strategy 的区别

作者的见解是,
设计思想是一种帮助发现非显性的急需或机会,扶助创设新的缓解方案的方法。设计管理偏重在管理和领导者设计团队,过程和设计产出物(产品、服务、沟通、环境和相互)。设计监护人和布置性策略更加多着想的是统一筹划思想和安排管理的频率及出现物上。

包House:全新设计策略的引导

1917年格罗皮乌斯在德意志联邦共和国创办包House,是第1所将贝伦斯的想法应用到高等教学中。密斯是最后一届校长。一九二七年在纳粹的压力下关闭,学校的设计师们都迁往美利坚合营国,世界二战后包House的安插教育学(平衡艺术、科学、技术、批量生产)引领美利哥的筹划思想,随着这一个人在U.S.A.四处落脚,设计的想想运动也在全美各州开花。

规划思想在经济贸易、品牌,服务规划,客户体验上

立异驱动商业的异样,设计使得立异。

但是大家的题目已远远超越了商业贸易难题,像MIT和巴黎高师在缓解的难题已是系统层面包车型客车题材,像大家的食物供给体系,小孩子肥胖,急救健康等,作为1个设计师和布署性思考者,有如此的机遇去消除那样的题材是多么的欢欣,通过祥和能影响和改动社会难点。

安排同盟与咨询在美利坚同车笠之盟向上运营

一九二〇-一九二六里面和包豪斯一样有震慑的美利坚同盟国工业和图纸设计师,像 Harley Earl,
Henry Dreyfuss, 沃尔特 Dorwin Teague, and DonaldDesky(都以在U.S.落地的),那几个设计师把规划同盟与咨询用在实践上,与包House的指引同步影响着United States的图像和工业设计。

  • 哈利·厄尔 Harley
    Earl
    ,第多少人在陈设小车上运用市集细分策略的设计师

    Chevrolet Corvette

  • 雷蒙德·洛威 Raymond
    Loewy
    ,设计咨询升级现有技术产品
    在不改变任何技术下,通过整合美学、材质、创设大大改观特别时期丑陋的家用电器产品,第贰位登上《时期》的设计师。他的设计差别于包豪斯的“形式追随作用”(Form
    Follows
    Function),较偏向市镇主义的“方式追随市场”,他曾说过:“当商品在平等的标价和坚守下竞争,设计正是绝无仅有的歧异”。他树立及时最大的规划公司,接授设计划委员会托,并以“洛威设计”的名义发表,“洛威设计”在丰裕时期是一种理想设计的代表、销售保证的代名词,这一作法在明日也能见于一些设计集团。

    洛威的“阿汎提”设计草图,1965年

  • Henley·德雷福斯 Henry
    Dreyfuss
    ,把人因因素做为产品的主导设计
    在其一九五四年的公布的《Designing for
    People》
    一书中论述了以人为本的布署性理念,以人为宗旨的安插最早实践者和创办人。

    Designing for People 书中节选

  • 保罗·兰德 Paul
    Rand
    ,将品牌识别与国际主义相结合
    IBM,ABC,FEEDX,西屋、NeXT等视觉系统的规划,将包House倡导的当代方法及规划思想和美学原则,应用到商业服务布置中。

    IBM

ABC

“Design is relationship. Design is a relationship between form and
content.”

  • 乔治·尼尔森查里斯夫妇,为家庭和办公系统规划
    1943年格奥尔格e·Nelson在Herman
    Miller做安顿高管时就把设计思想带进了家用电器概念设计中,设计师不在单干而是与一群的设计师从系统环境的角度来看产品设计。在这一意见和策略下查Rees和雷·埃蒙斯设计了Eames
    Loung
    Chair。Charles平时鼓励工作职员多做试验,他曾说他的希望正是“和那多少个从事于毫无用处的花色的人合伙干活。那样会碰上出新构思的火苗。”

    Eames Loung Chair

Chapter 1 Notes on the Evolution of Design Thinking: A Work in Progress

前进中的设计思想

by Craig M. Vogel, Director of Center for Design Research and
Innovation, College of Design Architecture, Art and Planning, University
of Cincinnati

1957-1977 建立统一筹划执行,设计活动集中

规划执行在短短的20年时间跨度里,不仅再一次定义了设计是怎样,更是表明了它能够用来做怎么着。那个相对短但万分密集的级差在全球范围内出生了三种截然差别的筹划情势。
60年份的美利坚合众国=设计科学
亿万先生官方网站,60年间的U.S.,工业规划和产品设计取得的第③小步的腾飞是标准上从工程和不错区分出来。但他们并不曾走得更远,工业设计仍然首要基于可量化,可度量的难题与事件。设计工作室平日在高等学校实验室或工厂,不像今后的工作室在城镇里有像咖啡厅一样的装裱。
意味着有像MIT的Fuller建立多学科的精英团队实行更新。

60年份斯堪的纳维亚=协同安排
在平等期,Fuller差别的斯堪的纳维亚设计,通过邀请大学参预统筹商讨。这个设计师扮演促进者或指点者剧中人物,各样人和学者到工友或居三民主义同志联合会手设计他们想要使用的产品或劳务。开发了广大惊人创新的种类,像Utopia,NJMF,DEMOkratiske
Stryringssystemer,DEMOS等扶持工人,工会,工作场所,政党部门应对随处变更的条件。
那种工作方法一贯适用于我们现在提的劳动布置,这种工作章程严重信赖设计师的边做边筹划和教导,使用工具像”Mock-up
envisionment(模拟设想)”,今后圈,组织游戏,同盟原型,人种学领域商量,社会考察等发出新想法或改进现有。高度参加和佚代,集体研究。
到20世纪80年份中叶,因为电脑的推广与HCI(人机交互)的上扬,斯堪的纳维亚的搭档计划终于迈出北冰洋赶来美利坚联邦合众国,被广大地称为到场式设计。

PETER BEHRENS: CORPORATE IDENTITY AND BRAND DIFFERENTIATION

Peter Behrens (14 April 1868 – 27 February 1940) was a
German
architect
and
designer.
He was important for the modernist
movement
,
and several of the movement’s leading names (including Ludwig Mies van
der
Rohe
,
Le
Corbusier

and Walter
Gropius
)
worked for him in earlier stages of their careers. He was one of the
first designers who tried to synthesize the two polar positions of
technology and craft.

彼得·贝伦斯,德意志联邦共和国建筑师,工业规划的先辈,第3位当代格局设计师,是当代人的一把手,包罗最显赫的现代主义建筑师
密斯·范德罗(持之以恒”少正是多“的建造文学),勒·柯布西耶(功用主义之父),瓦尔特·格罗皮乌斯(包House创始人),那多少人都在她的工作室为她工作过。他是率先个尝试综合工艺和技术整合的设计师。

Buckminister Fuller 的正确设计

一九六零年起在MIT 创新意识工程实验室教授CADS(Comprehensive Anticipatory Design
Science)。他的实验室应用科学方法爆发设计。Fuller的章程创设在工程师、工业设计师、材质专家、化学专家的才子团队的功底上进行更新。代表作品有:Geodesic
Domestic, the Dymaxion car, Triton city, the “Fly’s Eye” Dome等。

the Dymaxion car

“设计师是综合了歌唱家,物管理学家,机械师,经济专家和方针于一身。”

The BAUHAUS: A NEW DESIGN STRATEGY FOR EDUCATION

包豪斯:全新设计策略的教导

一九二〇年格罗皮乌斯在德创制包House,是第3所将贝伦斯的想法应用到高教中。密斯是最终一届校长。一九二九年在纳粹的压力下关闭,学校的设计师们都迁往米利坚,世界世界二战后包House的布署性理学(平衡艺术、科学、技术、批量生产)引领美利坚合众国的筹划思想,随着那么些人在美利哥处处落脚,设计的盘算运动也在全美外省开花。

Scandinavian 协同陈设

50年份以简练、少、作用性,具有包容性和民主性为特征的一心有别于别的设计方法的Scandinavian设计活动,在北欧国家平昔沿系到明天。受语言的障碍使得这一运动没有记录并传播更广。60时代的Scandinavian协同安顿在处理器的人机交互和服务规划上有许多的升华。

Chairs at the Danish Design Center, Denmark

CO帕杰罗PORATE AND CONSULTING DESIGN IN THE UNITED STATES,设计合作与咨询在United States的开拓进取

一九二零-1927时期和包House一样有震慑的U.S.工业和图表设计师,像 Harley Earl,
Henry Dreyfuss, 沃尔特 Dorwin Teague, and DonaldDesky(都是在美国诞生的),那么些设计师把设计同盟与咨询用在实践上,与包House的教育上一道影响着米国的图像和工业设计。

Harley Earl and General Motors: Market Segmentation in the Auto Industry

Harley Earl 美利坚联邦合众国第壹位在筹划轿车上采用市镇细分策略,一九二八-1958

Raymond Loewy, Design Consultant: Updating Existing Technology

Loewy merged aesthetics, materials, and manufacturing to transform the
loud and ugly electric refrigerator of the 1920s into a modern kichen
appliance. The consumer response was immediate. In one year, sales of
Sears’s Cold Spot increased from 65,000 to 250,000 units – without any
significant change in core technology.

Henry Dreyfuss: Integrating Human Factors as a Core Component of Product
Design

Dreyfuss developed a more scientific approach to human factors and
integrated that perspective with product aesthetics. “to develop
individuals who will be competent to change their environment to greater
conformity with moral ideals.” This became the basis for Dreyfuss’s
human-centered approach. He expressed those ideas in his 1955 book,
Designing for people. Dreyfuss was a more articulate practitioner of
human-centered design than was Loewy.

Paul Rand and Elliot Noyes: Corporate Identity and the International
Movement

Noyes was educated as an architect at Harvard and studied under Gropius
and Bauhaus furniture designer Marcel Breuer. Rand, for his part, was
heavily influenced by what had come to be called the Swiss Style of
graphic design and helped to build a relationship between Switzerland’s
Basel school of Design and Yale University.

One of the first strategic design decisions Rand and Noyes conceived for
international Business Machines was to reduce its long and awkward name
to IBM. Modern identities, they believed, needed to be easy to read and
pronounce in all applications and all languages. The new logo and
identity system was integrated with an approach to curtain wall
architecture that was applied to the new buildings at IBM, as well as to
the outer panel construction design of mainframe computer systems.

George Nelson and Charles and Ray Eames: System Design for Home and Work

When George Nelson was appointed design director for Herman Miller in
1945, he brought a new level of design thinking to the concept of
furniture design for the home and office.

Modern office buildings were being designed using a systematic approach,
and Nelson saw the interior office landscape similarly-as a potential
opportunity for the application of modular design design systems. Each
individual piece of furniture would act as one in a series of flexible
parts with multiple configurations that would fit the modern open office
that had come into being in the 1950s and ’60s.

The husband-and-wife team of Charles and Ray Eames contributed some of
their most important designs under this new strategy. Both of them
studied at Michigan’s Cranbrook Academy of Art, and both were influenced
by Finnish architect Eliel Saarinen. The Eames lounge chair and airport
seating solution, for Herman Miller, are two of the most influential
design projects of the twentieth century.

The ideas and work of Charles and Ray Eames represent a unique and vital
branch of design thinking. Their work is as powerful and influential as
that of Frank Lloyd Wright; yet they are virtually unknown outside of
the fields of design and architecture.

Herbert A. Simon

Simon在壹玖柒零问世的人为科学中,给规划多少个新的分类和界限。Simon认为满门的宏图应被视为人造品,是理所当然的周旋面。

“The engineer, and more generally the designer, is concerned with how
things ought to be — how they ought to be in order to attain goals,
and to function.”

“Everyone designs who devises courses of action aimed at changing
existing situations into preferred ones.”

FROM PRODUCT TO ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL CHANGE

In 1975 Bill Hannon founded the Design Management Institute(DMI) in
Boston, Massachusetts. This was the first professional organization in
the world dedicated to improving the role of design in business, and
helped to define design management as a new practice.

In 1976 Victor Papanek published his Design for the Real World, asking
designers to see the potential of design thinking for social and
environmental responsibility. He accused designers of catering to the
small percentage of consumers who have everything, while ignoring those
in lower income levels and emerging economies, as well as people with
disabilities.

In 1982, Ralph Caplan wrote in By design that Mahatma Gandhi’s concept
of nonviolent protest was one of the most effective design solutions in
history.

The Nobel laureate Herb Simon stated that there are really two types of
science. One concerns the world humans are responsible for producing(the
science of the artificial), and the other concerns the world in which
humans evolved(the science of the natural).

Science, engineering, and technology factor shifts have occurred in each
decade in the last century, opening new opportunities for designers. The
key ingredient for business success is the presence of both an
innovative COO who sees design as an investment, not a cost, and a
strategic design director or consultant who can place the value of the
design at the center of the company. If either one leaves, the value of
design is jeopardized.
把设计作为是投资在,是或不是资本;设计策略是公司的基本;那两点缺一不可才恐怕在明天及前景变为立异使得的商行。

维克托·帕帕奈克 为真实世界陈设

壹玖柒壹年
帕帕奈克的《为实际世界计划》给当下的陈设行业投下了一颗大炸弹。帕帕奈克建议自个儿对此规划目标性的新观点,即设计应该为普遍百姓服务;设计不仅应当为常人服务,同时还必须考虑为残疾人服务;设计应当认真考虑地球的个别能源采用难题,设计应该
为保卫安全我们居住的地球的有限财富服务。维克托·帕帕奈克对土黑设计思潮发生了第3手影响,他第二回提议了统一筹划伦理的思想意识,即设计为什么?在“Pope”设计活动的一片喧嚣的浪潮中,起头有人从统一筹划理论的角度严穆建议“设计指标”难点。这对于当代设计的天伦、现代企划的目标性理论来说,是非凡主要的1个起源。正因为有其一起源,日后的筹划理论才面世了更进一步心心念念的前进。

Chapter 2 The Designful Company by Marty Neumeier

2008 Survey of Wicked Problems

  1. Balancing long-term goals with short-term demands
  2. Predicting returns on innovative concepts
  3. Innovating at the increasing speed of change
  4. Winning the war for world-class talent
  5. Combining profitability with social responsibility
  6. Protecting margins in a commoditizing industry
  7. Multiplying success by collaborating across silos
  8. Finding unclaimed yet profitable market space
  9. Addressing the challenge of eco-sustainability
  10. Aligning strategy with customer experience

A wicked problem is a puzzle so persistent, pervasive, and slippery that
it can seem insoluble.

Business at bottom is not mechanical but human. Today, we find that
innovation without emotion is uninteresting. Products without aesthetics
are not compelling, brands without meaning are undesirable, and business
without ethics is unsustainable. The management model that got us here
is underpowered to move us forward. To succeed, the new model must
replace the win-lose nature of the assembly line with the win-win nature
of the network.

经贸的底线不是机器而是人。明日,咱们发现创新没有心情是绝非意思的。产品不美是没有可比性的,品牌未曾意义价值是不会有欲望想要的,而购买销售没有伦理是不行持续的。

The sure cure for Deming’s diseases, as well as for the top ten wicked
problems, is design. It’s the accelerator for the company car, the
powertrain for sustainable profits. Design drives innovation, innovation
powers brand, brand builds loyalty, and loyalty sustains profits. If you
want long-term profits, don’t start with technology-start with design.

There are really only two main components for business success: brands
and their delivery. All other activities- operations, finance,
manufacturing, marketing, sales, communications, human relations,
investor relations- are subcomponents.

霍斯特 Rittel, “Wicked Problem”的发起人

首批聚焦于统一筹划格局理论的商讨者之一,与她的长辈们分裂,他力主人的心得和感受在统一筹划时的重中之重。第③遍将气象学引入到经验设计中。

壹玖捌零-一九八六 第①代设计思想理论的现身

以此时期人们把装有高度创新意识的设计师与普通的安顿区分开来,把这几个设计师放在显微镜下商讨,试着找出怎样让他们灵感大产生。在Nigel
Gross和DonaldSchön等商量员调研这一个设计师独立工作时,及团伙合营时的设计进度。从社科角度他们注意到不管是私有依旧国有合营时设计创新意识最关键的是设计师的盘算格局。那么些规划进程的检察为后来任何工作实行成立性思维打开了大门。

Nigel Gross

Nigel
格罗斯在钻探规划方法以前是人机交互领域的研讨员。在她的精本《Designerly
ways of
Knowing》
商讨设计师的思想和劳动争议仲裁委员会办公室法与其余正规差别的是什么样?这对于营造统一筹划思想有着不小的影响。

“Everyone can — and does — design. We all design when we plan for
something new to happen, whether that might be a new version of a
recipe, a new arrangement of the living room furniture, or a new lay
tour of a personal web page. […] So design thinking is something
inherent within human cognition; it is a key part of what makes us
human.”

Donald Alan Schön

唐Nader Schön
背景是MIT的城市规划的讲课和史学家,他的抢先一半做事在反对60时代的宏图标准的技术性。他付出的自问实践,对于规划进度的中标11分关键。他的工作不仅大大影响了布置,而且影响了集体学习世界。

“The reflective practitioner allows himself to experience surprise,
puzzlement, or confusion in a situation which he finds uncertain or
unique. He reflects on the phenomenon before him, and on the prior
understandings which have been implicit in his behaviour. He carries
out an experiment which serves to generate both a new understanding of
the phenomenon and a change in the situation.”

一九九〇-二〇〇六 服务统一筹划和广大企划工具的面世

其权且代,设计的界定首回扩展。在90年份初设计的限制从创设人工制品扩展到相互和劳动上。那种转变帮忙来自Buchanan的《设计思想中的邪恶难点》一书研究了统一筹划缓解复杂难点、模糊目的的潜力。
到二零零零年,澳洲四处的大学和卡内基梅隆在外地初叶上课服务安排。服务布署的兴起,及复杂难点给发生新的规划艺术工具提供了好条件,包罗为非设计师和涉企统一筹划的工具。

Donald Norman, User-Centered Design

认知科学、人因工程等安排领域的闻名世界。在1990年问世的《平常的规划》提议
“UCD”以用户为主导的筹划。
大家拥有的规划应该依照“适合用记”那个大致的概念模型。他的见识的主导是“大家平日生活中的大部分文化都在环境上,而不是在脑子里”,以用户为基本的艺术有利于精晓用户的要求和发现错误,并选拔行动消除。Norman的UCD设计思想开辟了新的陈设方法视角。

Richard Buchanan,整合设计

Buchanan 原Carmelo设计大学的经营管理者,他通过将Rittel和Simon
的理论

Ezio
Manzini的筹划执行
相联系,重新钻探了安排在消除Wicked
Problems中的剧中人物,在1993发布的《Wicked Problems in Design
Thinking》
中画了一条设计思想到创新的路子。在随后的有关安插思想的《Design
as a New Liberal
Art》中说设计做为专业的能力是“整合”,也许是因为专业性的缺乏,所以它更有一而再各学科的或然。

Design has no subject matter — that’s what make this a powerful
discipline. We MAKE our subject matter.

莉兹 Sanders 工具先河者

桑德s,实验心绪学和人类学的PhD. ,Make
Tools
的创笔者,是利用设计文子究世界的前驱。后天无数以人为宗旨的统一筹划和筹划思想中央银行使的工具,技术和章程都足以归入她。她也是搭档安顿工具箱的协作者,对于规划钻探感兴趣的人的话,这么些是2个实用的指针。

Convivial ToolBox

This human-centered design revolution is causing us to rethink the
design process. In order to drive the human-centered design
revolution, we need to tap into the imaginations and dreams not only
of designers, but also of everyday people. New design spaces are
emerging in response to everyday people’s needs for creativity.

IDEO 融汇者

IDEO

IDEO壹玖玖壹年时由三家设计集团联合而成,分别是戴维 戴尔ey
Design(加州伯克利分校教师 戴维 Kelley 创制),Based在London的Moggridge
Associates和在布宜诺斯艾利斯的ID-Two(两者都以由Bill Moggridge成立), 及 Matrix
Product Design(由麦克 Nuttall
创制)。大概在Buchanan构建统一筹划思想的还要,IDEO完结了多少个协作社的联合,在以后的十年发展中,从学界和布署性执行吸引了一批十三分有影响力的人进入。
与同时代的布署性集团不一样,他们还要诚邀了人类学,商业战略,教育或正规等不相同领域的大方来引导和增添他们设计团队和流程。这些多学科团队的政策在起头几年后收获了成都百货上千的荣耀。
后来她们开端推广设计思想和以人为主干的规划,在d.school推出了教育安排,撰写书本,并在海内外的大学实践推广。

David & Tom Kelley

IDEO八个大家当和教诲工作,Kelley兄弟都是畅销书的小编。
他们都擅长设计到同盟社管理。他们同盟的书《立异自信力》,讲述立异创意的见地,帮助个人和部门释放潜能,树立革新自信。
尽早前的TomKelley的《立异的法门》里彰显了IDEO创新思维。

“It turns out that creativity isn’t some rare gift to be enjoyed by
the lucky few — it’s a natural part of human thinking and behavior. In
too many of us it gets blocked. But it can be unblocked. And
unblocking that creative spark can have far-reaching implications for
yourself, your organization, and your community.” Tom Kelley

Tim Brown

[Tim Brown]
(https://www.ideo.com/people/tim-brown)IDEOIDEO)的CEO和工业设计师,
Brown平素是设计思想和创新的积极向上倡导者 ,Design
thinking
。他创作了累累对非设计师运用布署思想方面包车型客车稿子,个中布置变更整个,设计思想如何变革组织和刺激创新。

In order to survive in today’s complex world, organizations need to
generate, embrace, and execute on new ideas. That takes creativity and
a creatively capable workforce. It’s the secret sauce, or in
evolutionary terms, it’s what keeps you fit. Organizations without it
can’t compete.

Jane Fulton Suri

有心情学和修建学背景的IDEO 教母之称的Jane,
一向从事于开发许多IDEO以人为本的陈设性工具。引用其在IDEO的进程“她支付了移情观看和体验原型的技艺,以往被周边用于产品、服务和环境,及系统、组织和方针的翻新与规划上。”她的书《Thoughtless
Acts?》

浮现了平昔观测与规划灵感之间的关系。她近期撰写了《Design
Ethics》
的短篇。

Bill Moggridge

英帝国知名产品设计师,工业设计教学,交互设计和IDEO开创者。他以接纳人性工程设计理论,同时也是现行反革命产品设计主流理论的开发者。他设计了第3台贝壳式台式机电脑,现今仍是台式机的主流外型。他创作的《关键设计报告》介绍了互相设计的历史,从Douglas
Engelbart
Will
Wright

Larry
Page

Sergey
Brin

I don’t think that anyone has really told (people) what design is. It
doesn’t occur to most people that everything is designed — that every
building and everything they touch in the world is designed. Even
foods are designed now. So in the process of helping people understand
this, making them more aware of the fact that the world around us is
something that somebody has control of, perhaps they can feel some
sense of control, too. I think that’s a nice ambition.

2000-以往 设计思想在经济贸易领域站据了3个最主要的职务

从20年前设计思想起初被提及,经历了不少的迭代,近年来才获得肯定。
设计咨询集团包涵“IDEO”,
数码智能设计公司如“青蛙”,软件设计公司如“思特沃克”,服务规划集团如“肯定牛”等都在02-08年光景最先调整协调的买卖战略,今后早已化为企划行业的超过者。国内的集团转变较晚到了二〇一一年左右才起来调整,像Eico
Design。
而买卖擅长的同盟社像麦肯锡等,也在二零一四年起通过收购布置公司拓展战略性的变革。[科技中的设计\ 2017](https://link.jianshu.com?t=https://designintechreport.files.wordpress.com/2017/03/dit-2017-1-0-1c-1.pdf)
服务统一筹划领域的发展创立了通力合营企划和出席规划的新工具和流程。多学科团队的通力同盟规划这一浮动打开了个中立异,使设计进程对种种人更透明和有效性。除了在计划领域在生意领域也初叶运用用安顿思想和搭档企划的推行。Fuad
Luke,Sanders 和Manzini便是那块的先遣。
向包容性迈进的变动。随着智能手提式有线话机的推广,微软提出要面向公众的筹划,带着空前的包容性去思维和劳作[Inclusive\ design\ at\ Microsoft](https://link.jianshu.com?t=https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/design/inclusive)

Alistair Fuad-Luke

Fuad-Luke一个人自称为专业企划主持人、国学家、小说家和活动家,近日正在授课后来的布署执行。他的体系强调与社区和村办,社会福得和顶替经济系统的怒放,同盟,共同规划。他的书《Design
Activism》
《The
Eco-Design
Handbook》
议论设计在可持续发展中的作用。

Deborah Szebeko

Szebeko2二岁时在英帝国树立了ThinkPublic社会设计单位,专门从事公共部门和非政坛协会的布署性与创新。用同盟企划重点关注社会难题,他们已经赢得了多项荣誉。

We use a mixture of design processes. We’ve got a diversity of
designers, including service designers, graphics designers,
information designers, programmers, marketers, social scientists,
positive psychologists, and even anthropologists. This diversity of
experts bring different techniques related to their disciplines, and
this mixture creates a unique design process — we call it a co-design
process — whereby we capture public views.

Inclusive Design at Microsoft

Kat
holmes微软首席设计组长,随着智能设备的平凡,科学技术产品应有关切群众,应该向包容性迈进转变。设计个性具有包容,通过辨认排他性,我们能够初阶对那两个在平常生活中与不受欢迎的统一筹划接触的用户建立起同理心。

Inclusive Design at Microsoft

以能源来源以下:
[1] Thomas Lockwood. Design Thinking (Design Management Institue,
2009)
[2] John Maeda. Design In Tech Report(2016,2017)
[3] Jo Szczepanska. What is design thinking, why do I keep hearing
about
it?

[4] A BRIEF HISTORY OF DESIGN THINKING: THE
THEORY

[5] 大卫·瑞兹曼. 现代设计史
[6] Stefanie Di Russo.Understanding the behaviour of design thinking
in complex environments(2016)
[7] Rikke Dam, Teo Siang. What is Design Thinking and Why Is It So
Popular?

[8] Sean Van Tyne. Design Thinking: A Brief
History

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